Kassin, Saul; Fong, Christina (1999). The Washington Post reported in January 2009 that Susan J. Crawford, convening authority of military commissions, stated about the interrogation of Mohammed al-Qahtani, one of the alleged "20th hijackers" of the September 11 attacks: The techniques they used were all authorized, but the manner in which they applied them was overly aggressive and too persistent.... You think of torture, you think of some horrendous physical act done to an individual. MI interrogation units are a proven and valued collection asset. Enhanced interrogation techniques" or "enhanced interrogation" is a euphemism for the program of systematic torture of detainees by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) and various components of the U.S. Armed Forces at black sites around the world, including Bagram, Guantanamo Bay, and Abu Ghraib, authorized by officials of the George W. … General Mukasey, just following orders is no defense! Information from victims and witnesses is usually obtained through interviews. "[165] The New York Times reported that according to "some insiders," an inquiry into the C.I.A. The working group's final report was signed and delivered to Guantánamo without the knowledge of Mora and the others who had opposed its content. [213] These memoranda were publicly released by the Obama Administration on April 16, 2009. 2-22.3 Department of the Army Washington, DC, 6 September 2006 Human Intelligence Collector Operations … [107]:112 According to the analysis of the Office of Defense Inspector General, the DIA's cited justification for the use of drugs was to "[relax] detainee to cooperative state" and that mind-altering substances were not used. Historian Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. considered the U.S. torture policy "the most dramatic, sustained, and radical challenge to the rule of law in American history. "[184] The article also reported that "[h]e warned that criminalizing the process could cause policymakers to second-guess themselves and 'harm our national security well into the future. Chief on the Use of Torture", "Guantanamo Detainee Was Tortured, Says Official Overseeing Military Trials", "Waterboarding is torture, Downing Street confirms", "Those Who Authorize and Use CIA "Enhanced" Interrogation Tactics Risk Criminal Prosecution – Landmark Report: Techniques Previously Authorized for CIA Use — Not Ruled Out by President's CIA Executive Order — Likely Violate U.S. Law", "Post Politics: Congressional Investigations, Pelosi and Harman, More", "Spanish Court Weighs Inquiry on Torture for 6 Bush-Era Officials", "The still-growing NPR "torture" controversy", "Calling a Spade a Spade: Use of the Word 'Torture, "The NYT's nice, new euphemism for torture", "Panel Faults C.I.A. It builds upon existing doctrine and moves interrogation into the 21st century. Another memo released on the same day advises that "the waterboard", does "not violate the Torture Statute." [20] "Electronic recording" describes the process of recording interrogations from start to finish. [250] The rationale has not been disclosed. The CIA's justification for the use of its enhanced interrogation techniques rested on inaccurate claims of their effectiveness. [239], On January 22, 2009, President Obama signed Executive Order 13491 requiring the CIA to use only the 19 interrogation methods outlined in the United States Army Field Manual on interrogations "unless the Attorney General with appropriate consultation provides further guidance. The FBI agents wrote in memorandums that were never meant to be disclosed publicly that they had seen female interrogators forcibly squeeze male prisoners' genitals, and that they had witnessed other detainees stripped and shackled low to the floor for many hours. Enhanced Interrogation Techniques (EIT) is a form of systematic torture that is afflicted onto detainees by the United States’ Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the Defense of Intelligence Agency (DIA), and other various fragments of the United States’ Armed Forces at undisclosed military defense locations around the world, which include Bagram, Guantanamo Bay and Abu Gharib. The report, "Experiments in Torture: Human Subject Research and Evidence of Experimentation in the 'Enhanced' Interrogation Program", published by the advocacy group Physicians for Human Rights, described personnel in the CIA's Office of Medical Services (OMS) performing research on the prisoners as the above techniques were used both serially and in combination. Abuse Cases Detailed in Report on Detainees", "Special Review: Counterterrorism Detention and Interrogation Activities (September 2001 - October 2003)", Central Intelligence Agency Office of Inspector General, "Senate Panel's Report Links Detainees' Murders to Bush's Torture Policy", "No Charges Filed on Harsh Tactics Used by the C.I.A. This allows for the 'good cop' to sympathize with and defend the subject. 's failure to disclose the existence of these tapes. There are multiple techniques employed in interrogation including deception, torture, increasing suggestibility, and the use of mind-altering drugs. Adding, "we did not consider that a democracy governed by the rule of law would expect a court in another democracy to suppress a summary of the evidence contained in reports by its own officials".[193]. [54][58][59] Dick Cheney said "I signed off on it; so did others. If you want to call torture by any other name, one that best suits the description is the enhanced interrogation techniques as described the U.S. government. [108], Some more lurid revelations of DIA's alleged harsh interrogations came from FBI officers, who conducted their own screenings of detainees in Guantanamo along with other agencies. We look at what has surfaced so far", "U.S. [65] Former senator Bob Graham (D-Fla.), chairman of the Senate intelligence committee after the 9/11 attacks, said he was not briefed on waterboarding and that in three instances agency officials said he'd attended briefings on days that his personal journal shows he was elsewhere. He claimed that the Bush Administration had ordered all copies of his legal memo be collected and destroyed.[208][209]. She said that this was contrary to the Geneva Conventions and quoted the Geneva Convention as saying, "Prisoners of war who refuse to answer may not be threatened, insulted, or exposed to any unpleasant or disadvantageous treatment of any kind." Alaska,[21] Illinois,[22] Maine,[23] Minnesota,[21] and Wisconsin[24] are the only states to require taped interrogation. In it, he concluded that federal laws related to torture and other abuse did not apply to interrogators overseas – which at that time the administration applied to Guantanamo as well as locations such as Iraq. [50] Later that April Dr. Mitchell proposed a list of additional tactics, including locking people in cramped boxes, shackling them in painful positions, keeping them awake for a week at a time, covering them with insects, and waterboarding, a practice which the United States had previously characterized in war crimes prosecutions as torture. [133] Their press release said: The report concludes that each of the ten tactics is likely to violate U.S. laws, including the War Crimes Act, the U.S. It concluded in 2013 that "it is indisputable that the United States engaged in the practice of torture" and that the nation's highest officials bore ultimate responsibility for it. "[224], On May 19, 2006, the UN Committee against Torture issued a report stating the U.S. should stop secretly detaining, torturing, and ill-treating terror suspects, since such treatment is illegal under international law. [12] Some of these techniques fall under the category known as "white torture". [113] The detention center outlived the black sites ran by the Central Intelligence Agency, with the DIA allegedly continuing to use "restricted" interrogation methods in the facility under a secret authorization. [191][192] Law professor Dietmar Herz explained Nowak's comments by saying that under U.S. and international law former President Bush is criminally responsible for adopting torture as an interrogation tool.[191]. It involves stripping prisoners in front of other prisoners and forcing them to remain naked for long periods of time. According to Danner, the report contains sections on "methods of ill-treatment" including suffocation by water, prolonged stress standing, beatings by use of a collar, beating and kicking, confinement in a box, prolonged nudity, sleep deprivation and use of loud music, exposure to cold temperature/cold water, prolonged use of handcuffs and shackles, threats, forced shaving, and deprivation/restricted provision of solid food. The goal of military interrogations can differ from those in law enforcement. "[61] In 2009 Rice said "[w]e never tortured anyone;" she maintained the abuse was "not torture," but was "legal", and "right". security."[181]. 592‐607. ". He was sentenced to 30 months in prison on January 25, 2013. It is commonly applied by the military or the CIA in order to squeeze out vital information from a suspected terrorist or criminal captured as prisoners of high value. [205] They were among nearly 140,000 formerly classified documents from the Department of Defense, the Justice Department, and the CIA that provide details on the treatment of prisoners in U.S. custody in the "War on Terror" gathered by the ACLU. [64] These congressional leaders included Nancy Pelosi, the future Speaker of the House, and House Intelligence Committee Ranking Democrat Jane Harman. [263][264], On October 22, 2012, Kiriakou pleaded guilty to disclosing classified information about a fellow CIA officer that connected the covert operative to a specific operation. 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